poetryrepairs 15.03:035

CHANMING YUAN : y!
CHANMING YUAN : week: directory of destinies
RUMKI SEN : Top 5 Rules of English Grammar

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CHANMING YUAN
y!

You are really haunted by this letter Yes, since it contains all the secrets of Your selfhood: your name begins with it You carry y-chromosome; you wear Y-pants; both your skin and heart are Yellowish; your best poem is titled Y; you seldom seek the balance between Yin and yang; you never want to be a Yankee, but you yearn to remain as Young as your poet son; in particular You love the way it is pronounced, so Youthfully, as a word rather than a letter to Yell out the human reasons; above all Your soul is a seed blown from afar, always Y-shaped when breaking the earth to greet spring

poetryrepairs #210 15,03:035





CHANMING YUAN
week: directory of destinies

Monday -Monday’s child is fair of face Beginning of endless beginnings When we start running between Sun shine and electric light, caring No more about the moon on moon’s day Tuesday -Tuesday’s child is full of grace Under Tiw’s rule, every law is Established to stage war upon The unlucky, who keep setting Fires to avoid miss fortunes Wednesday -Wednesday’s child is full of woe Right in the middle of laboring Even god of mercury turns green As it persists in fasting Far beyond the hump Thursday -Thursday’s child has far to go God of thunder, man of wonder We will continue despite hunger Until we cannot go any farther Or uphold our spirits together Friday -Friday’s child is loving and giving POETS day, TGIF, Day of Venus Unlucky for those trying to catch A few fish in the open sea, but lucky For whoever is swimming ashore Saturday -Saturday’s child works hard for a living Though confined to their earthy coffins All vampires are eager to go hunting Both within the nightmares of mad dogs And outside the shrinking orbit of Saturn Sunday -The child that is born on the Sabbath day is bonny and blithe, and good and gay. East or west All for a rest When wanderers doze off in the sky Meditators wake up to a distant cry

poetryrepairs #210 15,03:035




RUMKI SEN Top 5 Rules of English Grammar


Communication is effective when we follow certain rules. These rules make the written words understood. A writer should make the reader's job easier by communicating what he or she wants to communicate. If you also want to write, pay respect to your readers. Don't take them for granted. Learning and understanding the basic rules of English Grammar, you will surely be able to avoid ill-formed, confusing sentences. Hence, following and applying the rules of English Grammar and thereby producing a good writing can help the readers save their time from trying desperately to guess what you mean. This article covers the top 5 Rules of English Grammar.

Subject-Verb Agreement

Errors in agreement are the most common mistakes made in writing. Follow this simple rule: A singular subject requires a singular verb, and a plural subject requires a plural verb.

      Wrong: Identification of these goods have been difficult.
Right: Identification of these goods has been difficult. ('Identification' is the subject here)
      Wrong: The best way to keep your children happy are to give them enough responsibilities.
Right: The best way to keep your children happy is to give them enough responsibilities. (Use a singular verb if the subject is a phrase or clause)
      Awkward: Neither John nor I am interested in this project.
Better: John is not interested in this project; nor am I. (If you write an awkward sentence, consider rewriting it)

Exception: Use a singular verb if a compound subject refers to the same person or thing.
Example: Breads and milk is a typical breakfast for many people.

Tense

Tense refers to time. It tells when an action is happening: in the present, in the future, or in the past. Whatever time it is, it should remain consistent throughout your whole piece of writing. There are three main tenses - Past Tense, Present Tense and Future Tense.Here is an example of writing with mixed tenses:

      Wrong: John wanted to know why Rebecca is sad, but she will not tell him.
Right: John wanted to know why Rebecca was sad, but she would not tell him.
Each tense -Present, Past and Future- has the following four forms.

Past Tense
Simple Past – I spoke; Past Continuous – I was speaking; Past Perfect – I had spoken; Past Perfect Continuous – I had been speaking.

Present Tense
Simple Present – I speak; Present Continuous – I am speaking; Present Perfect – I have spoken; Present Perfect Continuous – I have been speaking .

Future Tense
Simple Future– I shall/ will speak Future Continuous – I shall/ will be speaking Future Perfect – I shall/will have spoken Future Perfect Continuous – I shall/ will have been speaking

Double Negatives

Two negative words create a positive meaning, which may be just the opposite of what you have intended to convey.

      Wrong: I don't have nothing to say.
Right: I don't have anything to say.
Wrong: Tom couldn't hardly believe what Jack said.
Right: Tom could hardly believe what Jack said.

Modifiers

Words that describe or limit other words are called 'modifiers'. An 'Adjective' is a word or group of words that modifies a noun or pronoun, whereas an 'Adverb' is a word or group of words that modifies a verb, adjective or other adverb. Avoid misplaced and dangling modifiers.

      Wrong: Thomas told her that he wanted to marry her frequently.
Right: Thomas frequently told her that he wanted to marry her.
      Wrong: Nicole picked up a girl in a blue jacket named Agatha.
Right: Nicole picked up Agatha, a girl in a blue jacket.
      Wrong: Walking across the busy street, a bus almost hit me.
Right: As I walked across the busy street, a bus hit me.

Usage

If you use a word, you must know how to use it. Use simple words. Many people have the tendency to use big, difficult words while writing. Avoid fancy words and phrases when simpler ones convey the idea. Omit unnecessary words. A piece of writing, containing long words strung together in complex sentences, turn out to be poorly written and not impressive. You will have fewer chances for grammatical errors if you can cut a word out which can be cut out.

Stuffy: I will make modifications in the document.
Simple: I will change the document.
Wordy: You should remember to consult your watch in order to keep a person from waiting for you when you have decided to meet him at a particular time.
Translation: Be punctual.

To conclude: the more you remember the basic rules of English Grammar and practice them, the better your writings will be. The process is simple and easy. Keeping a good dictionary is essential in searching for the right word and finding out the actual meanings that will help you in selecting the right words. Usage of proper English Grammar and selecting the right words will make it more likely that your writings stand out from the rest. So, keep enjoying the process and keep writing.

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RUMKI SEN founded Perfect Editing Solutions (www.perfectediting.com), a professional firm providing Proofreading and Copyediting service to websites and online documents. She corrects and edits English grammar, punctuation, spelling, links and a lot more for websites, letters, applications, CVs / resumes, advertisements, manuals, brochures, e-newsletters, articles and e-mail messages. Her company also offers resume-writing services. Whether you're a student, webmaster, or business owner, your written work will be improved immediately after you get her company's service. Contact RUMKI SEN at rumki@perfectediting.com

PRSeditor: Certainly, it is good to know the rules of the language you use. Ignoring the rules can lead to your ideas sounding like 'baby-talk' or 'babel'. However, a poet must also know when to break rules for effect. A poem cannot cover the whole of histroy; creativity, continuity, and clarity may dictate a unique application of the tense rules. A persona may require use of the vernacular or dialect; spoken language (parole) can require use of repetition and multiple modifiers. Not only the rules matter. The culture also requires the writer's attention.


UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Article 26.
• (1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
• (2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
• (3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

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